This morning I was speaking about the Gospel from the resurrection from John’s point of view and one of the things we saw is that Jesus rose from the dead and that He was seen first of all by the women who were much more faithful and zealous to seek the Lord at this time in the morning.
And I suggested that the men, the disciples, had actually fled, most likely to Bethany, when Jesus was arrested, though Peter and John had gone into Jerusalem. And, during the day, Mary Magdalene and the women had gone to assemble the disciples and to bring them together in Jerusalem where they met with the risen Lord.
We’re going to read about the meeting with the Lord in Luke 24.33 and then I’m going to speak on the theme of the resurrection in Judaism and in Christianity remembering of course that Jesus and the disciples were all Jewish.
Let’s just have a word of prayer as we come to the Lord.
Lord, we thank you for your Word. We pray that you bless the reading and the speaking of your Word and help us to understand this subject. We pray in the name of Yeshua, Jesus the Messiah.
Let’s start at verse 33. This is actually the people on the Emmaus road as they go back to Jerusalem.
And then he prophesies, they come together and in verse 11 it says
This prophecy works on two levels. Someone said it’s a picture of the present restoration of Israel. So, God brings the people back physically to the land and then He has a purpose, at the end of days, to move upon them spiritually and cause them to become a great army before the Lord as the Holy Spirit comes upon them.
Therefore, we have first a physical birth, then, a spiritual birth. Others have said this is a picture of the resurrection of the dead at the coming of the Messiah: the Messiah comes to Israel and the resurrection of the dead takes place.
Clearly it is some kind of a resurrection because it’s speaking about dry bones, dead bones coming together and having life within them.
Another passage in Daniel is probably one of the clearest passages on the resurrection in the Old Testament.
This speaks about the time of the Great Tribulation, a time of trouble such as has not been before or ever shall be.
If you look at the New Testament, Jesus speaks about this in Matthew 24, about the time of Great Tribulation unlike any that has been before or ever shall be. It also says that, at this time, those who sleep in the dust of the earth shall awake, some to everlasting life, some to everlasting contempt.
Therefore, it’s going to be a resurrection to life and a resurrection to condemnation. And Daniel was told to shut up the words, seal the book till the time of the end and that people shall run to and fro, but knowledge shall increase. So, the prophecy has something to do with the time of the end, the time of the coming of the Messiah and the resurrection of the dead.
I’m not going to try and explain the 1 335 days now. There is an explanation to that which is interesting but it would take too long. However, what he’s saying here to Daniel is ‘you go your way, these things are going to come to pass and, at the end of days, you are going to be resurrected‘.
It says, ‘go your way, you will arise to your inheritance at the end of days‘ which tells you there will be a resurrection of the righteous from the Old Testament times at the end of days.
All these scriptures are telling you that there will be a resurrection and they’re implying also it’s a literal resurrection and a bodily resurrection. So, Daniel will be resurrected as Daniel so he will be recognizable as the prophet Daniel and others from the Old Testament period will be resurrected.
There’s also a concept in the coming of the Messiah to the Mount of Olives. Anyone who has been to the Mount of Olives, outside Jerusalem, knows that there is a big graveyard and it’s a place where Orthodox Jews want to be buried because they believe that, when the Messiah comes, He is going to blow a trumpet and the people who are nearest to the Messiah when He blows the trumpet will be the first to rise from the dead. So, it’s a good and prestigious place to be buried.
Now, we believe that the dead in Christ will rise first, but that’s another issue.
However, certainly this concept of resurrection is there in Judaism and there is a hope in the resurrection of the dead in the Jewish scriptures though it may not be quite so clear as it is in the New Testament.
Again, all these passages are telling you that there will be a resurrection and they’re implying also it’s a literal resurrection and a bodily resurrection.