But now, thus says the Lord, who created you, O Jacob, And He who formed you, O Israel: “Fear not, for I have redeemed you; I have called you by your name; You are Mine. 2 When you pass through the waters, I will be with you; And through the rivers, they shall not overflow you. When you walk through the fire, you shall not be burned, Nor shall the flame scorch you. 3 For I am the Lord your God, The Holy One of Israel, your Saviour; I gave Egypt for your ransom, Ethiopia and Seba in your place. 4 Since you were precious in My sight, You have been honoured, And I have loved you; Therefore I will give men for you, And people for your life. Isaiah 43.1-4 Fear not, for I 5 am with you; I will bring your descendants from the east, And gather you from the west; I will say to the north, ‘Give them up!’ And to the south, ‘Do not keep them back! Bring My sons from afar, And My daughters from the ends of the earth— 6 Everyone who is called by My name, Whom I have created for My glory; I have formed him, yes, I have made him.” 7 Bring out the blind people who have eyes, And the deaf who have ears. 8 Let all the nations be gathered together, And let the people be assembled. Who among them can declare this, And show us former things? Let them bring out their witnesses, that they may be justified; Or let them hear and say, “ 9 It is truth.” Isaiah 43.5-9 “You 10 are My witnesses,” says the Lord, “And My servant whom I have chosen, That you may know and believe Me, And understand that I am He. Before Me there was no God formed, Nor shall there be after Me. I, 11 even I, am the Lord, And besides Me there is no saviour. I have declared and saved, I have proclaimed, And 12 there was no foreign god among you; Therefore you are My witnesses,” Says the Lord, “that I am God. Indeed before the day 13 was, I am He; And there is no one who can deliver out of My hand; I work, and who will reverse it?” Thus says the Lord, your Redeemer, The Holy One of Israel: “For your sake I will send to Babylon, And bring them all down as fugitives— The Chaldeans, who rejoice in their ships. 14 Isaiah 43.10-14 I 15 am the Lord, your Holy One, The Creator of Israel, your King.” Thus says the Lord, who makes a way in the sea And a path through the mighty waters, 16 Who brings forth the chariot and horse, The army and the power (They shall lie down together, they shall not rise; They are extinguished, they are quenched like a wick): 17 “Do not remember the former things, Nor consider the things of old. 18 Behold, I will do a new thing, Now it shall spring forth; Shall you not know it? I will even make a road in the wilderness 19 And rivers in the desert. The beast of the field will honour Me, The jackals and the ostriches, Because I give waters in the wilderness 20 And rivers in the desert, To give drink to My people, My chosen. This people I have formed for Myself; They shall declare My praise. 21 Isaiah 43.15-21 “But you have not called upon Me, O Jacob; And you have been weary of Me, O Israel. 22 You have not brought Me the sheep for your burnt offerings, Nor have you honoured Me with your sacrifices. I have not caused you to serve with grain offerings, Nor wearied you with incense. 23 You have bought Me no sweet cane with money, Nor have you satisfied Me with the fat of your sacrifices; But you have burdened Me with your sins, You have wearied Me with your iniquities. 24 “I, 25 even I, am He who blots out your transgressions for My own sake; And I will not remember your sins. Put Me in remembrance; Let us contend together; State your 26 case, that you may be acquitted. Your first father sinned, And your mediators have transgressed against Me. 27 Therefore I will profane the princes of the sanctuary; I will give Jacob to the curse, And Israel to reproaches. 28 Isaiah 43.22-28
“Yet hear now, O Jacob My servant, And Israel whom I have chosen.
Thus says the Lord who made you And formed you from the womb, 2 who will help you: ‘Fear not, O Jacob My servant; And you, Jeshurun, whom I have chosen. For I will pour water on him who is thirsty, And floods on the dry ground; I will pour My Spirit on your descendants, And My blessing on your offspring; 3 They will spring up among the grass Like willows by the watercourses.’ 4 One will say, ‘I 5 am the Lord’s’; Another will call himself by the name of Jacob; Another will write with his hand, ‘The Lord’s,’ And name himself by the name of Israel. There Is No Other God “Thus says the Lord, the King of Israel, And his Redeemer, the Lord of hosts: ‘I 6 am the First and I am the Last; Besides Me there is no God. Isaiah 44.1-6
Prolific shifts in time frame have caused many liberal scholars to assume that Isaiah was written by more than one author; they imagine a school of Isaiah that carried on his work over the centuries. They divide the book into first Isaiah (chs. 1-39), second Isaiah (chs. 40-55), and third Isaiah (chs. 56-66). The first faced the Assyrian threat, the second was written during the Babylonian exile, and the third was written about the time of the return (520 to 516 B.C.). But because there is genuine prophecy throughout the Bible, no clear indication of such authorial divisions within the book, and NT reference to these texts simply as from the prophet Isaiah, it is best to assume that the book has a single author.
Matthew 13:14 cites Isaiah 6:9, Matthew 3:3 cites Isaiah 40:3, and Luke 4:17 quotes Isaiah 61:1-2, all referring to the prophet Isaiah, not just the prophecy. Detailed studies of the words used in the book support this understanding, since some uncommon words are repeated in all three sections of the book. https://bible.org/article/isaiah-brief-commentary By the rivers of Babylon, There we sat down, yea, we wept When we remembered Zion. 137 We hung our harps Upon the willows in the midst of it. 2 For there those who carried us away captive asked of us a song, And those who plundered us 3 requested mirth, Saying, “Sing us one of the songs of Zion!” How shall we sing the Lord’s song In a foreign land? 4 If I forget you, O Jerusalem, Let my right hand forget 5 its skill! If I do not remember you, Let my tongue cling to the roof of my mouth— If I do not exalt Jerusalem Above my chief joy. 6 Psalm 137.1-6 Four reasons God gives Israel and us in Isaiah 43 not to fear: But now, thus says the Lord, who created you, O Jacob, And He who formed you, O Israel: HE CREATED YOU! “Fear not, for I have redeemed you; HE HAS REDEEMED YOU! I have called HE HAS CALLED YOU BY NAME! you by your name; You YOU ARE HIS! are Mine. For thus says the Lord: After seventy years are completed at Babylon, I will visit you and perform My good word toward you, and cause you to return to this place. 10 For I know the thoughts that I think toward you, says the Lord, thoughts of peace and not of evil, to give you a future and a hope. 11 Then you will call upon Me and go and pray to Me, and I will listen to you. 12 And you will seek Me and find 13 Me, when you search for Me with all your heart. I will be found by you, says the Lord, and I will bring you back from your captivity; I will gather you from all the nations and from all the places where I have driven you, says the Lord, and I will bring you to the place from which I cause you to be carried away captive. 14 Jeremiah 29.10-14 “And there will be signs in the sun, in the moon, and in the stars; and on the earth distress of nations, with perplexity, the sea and the waves roaring; 25 men’s hearts failing them from fear and the expectation of those things which are coming on the earth, for the powers of the heavens will be shaken. 26 Then they will see the Son of Man coming in a cloud with power and great glory. 27 Now when these things begin to happen, look up and lift up your heads, because your redemption draws near.” 28 Luke 21.25-28 And as it is appointed for men to die once, but after this the judgment, 27 Hebrews 9:27 Inasmuch then as the children have partaken of flesh and blood, He Himself likewise shared in the same, that through death He might destroy him who had the power of death, that is, the devil, 14 and release those who through fear of death were all their lifetime subject to bondage. 15 Hebrews 2.14-15 Surely He has borne our griefs 4
And carried our sorrows;
Yet we esteemed Him stricken,
Smitten by God, and afflicted.
But He 5 was wounded for our transgressions, He was bruised for our iniquities;
The chastisement for our peace
was upon Him,
And by His stripes we are healed.
All we like sheep have gone astray; 6
We have turned, every one, to his own way;
And the Lord has laid on Him the iniquity of us all.
Isaiah 53.4-6 For God so loved the world that He gave His only begotten Son, that whoever believes in Him should not perish but have everlasting life. 16 John 3:16 Now there was a day when the sons of God came to present themselves before the Lord, and Satan also came among them. 6 And the Lord said to Satan, “From where do you come?” So Satan answered the Lord and said, “From going to and fro on the earth, and from walking back and forth on it.” 7 Then the Lord said to Satan, “Have you considered My servant Job, that 8 there is none like him on the earth, a blameless and upright man, one who fears God and shuns evil?” So Satan answered the Lord and said, “Does Job fear God for nothing? 9 Have You not made a hedge around him, around his household, and around all that he has on every side? You have blessed the work of his hands, and his possessions have increased in the land. 10 But now, stretch out Your hand and touch all that he has, and he will surely curse You to Your face!” 11 And the Lord said to Satan, “Behold, all that he has 12 is in your power; only do not lay a hand on his person.” So Satan went out from the presence of the Lord. Job 1.6-12
In the beginning was the Word, and the Word was with God, and the Word was God.
He was in the beginning with God. 2 All things were made through Him, and without Him nothing was made that was made. 3 In Him was life, and the life was the light of men. 4 And the light shines in the darkness, and the darkness did not comprehend it. 5 John 1.1-5 Therefore, when they had come together, they asked Him, saying, “Lord, will You at this time restore the kingdom to Israel?” 6 And He said to them, “It is not for you to know times or seasons which the Father has put in His own authority. 7 But you shall receive power when the Holy Spirit has come upon you; and you shall be witnesses to Me in Jerusalem, and in all Judea and Samaria, and to the end of the earth.” 8 Acts 1.6-8 “Indeed, I myself thought I must do many things contrary to the name of Jesus of Nazareth. 9 This I also did in Jerusalem, and many of the saints I shut up in prison, having received authority from the chief priests; and when they were put to death, I cast my vote against 10 them. And I punished them often in every synagogue and compelled 11 them to blaspheme; and being exceedingly enraged against them, I persecuted them even to foreign cities. Acts 26.9-11 “While thus occupied, as I journeyed to Damascus with authority and commission from the chief priests, 12 at midday, O king, along the road I saw a light from heaven, brighter than the sun, shining around me and those who journeyed with me. 13 And when we all had fallen to the ground, I heard a voice speaking to me and saying in the Hebrew language, ‘Saul, Saul, why are you persecuting Me? 14 It is hard for you to kick against the goads.’ So I said, ‘Who are You, Lord?’ And He said, ‘I am Jesus, whom you are persecuting. 15 But rise and stand on your feet; for I have appeared to you for this purpose, to make you a minister and a witness both of the things which you have seen and of the things which I will yet reveal to you. 16 I will deliver you from the 17 Jewish people, as well as from the Gentiles, to whom I now send you, to open their eyes, 18 in order to turn them from darkness to light, and from the power of Satan to God, that they may receive forgiveness of sins and an inheritance among those who are sanctified by faith in Me.’ Acts 26.12-18 “Therefore, King Agrippa, I was not disobedient to the heavenly vision, 19 but declared first to those in Damascus and in Jerusalem, and throughout all the region of Judea, and 20 then to the Gentiles, that they should repent, turn to God, and do works befitting repentance. For these reasons the Jews seized me in the temple and tried to kill 21 me. Therefore, having obtained help from God, to this day I stand, witnessing both to small and great, saying no other things than those which the prophets and Moses said would come— 22 that the Christ would suffer, that He would be the first to rise from the dead, and would proclaim light to the 23 Jewish people and to the Gentiles.” Acts 26.19-23
Therefore, laying aside all malice, all deceit, hypocrisy, envy, and all evil speaking,
as newborn babes, desire the pure milk of the word, that you may grow thereby, 2 if indeed you have tasted that the Lord 3 is gracious. Coming to Him 4 as to a living stone, rejected indeed by men, but chosen by God and precious, you also, as living stones, are being built up a spiritual house, a holy priesthood, to offer up spiritual sacrifices acceptable to God through Jesus Christ. 5 Therefore it is also contained in the Scripture, “Behold, I lay in Zion A chief cornerstone, elect, precious, And he who believes on Him will by no means be put to shame.” 6 Therefore, to you who believe, 7 He is precious; but to those who are disobedient, “The stone which the builders rejected Has become the chief cornerstone,” and “A stone of stumbling And a rock of offense.” They stumble, being disobedient to the word, to which they also were appointed. 8 But you 9 are a chosen generation, a royal priesthood, a holy nation, His own special people, that you may proclaim the praises of Him who called you out of darkness into His marvellous light; who once 10 were not a people but are now the people of God, who had not obtained mercy but now have obtained mercy. 1 Peter 2.1-10 Bring out the blind people who have eyes, 8
And the deaf who have ears.
Let all the nations be gathered together, 9
And let the people be assembled.
Who among them can declare this,
And show us former things?
Let them bring out their witnesses, that they may be justified;
Or let them hear and say, “
It is truth.” “You 10 are My witnesses,” says the Lord,
“And My servant whom I have chosen,
That you may know and believe Me,
And understand that I
Before Me there was no God formed,
Nor shall there be after Me.
Isaiah 43.8-10 “Hear, you deaf; 18
And look, you blind, that you may see.
Who 19 is blind but My servant,
Or deaf as My messenger
whom I send?
is blind as he who is perfect,
And blind as the Lord’s servant?
Seeing many things, but you do not observe; 20
Opening the ears, but he does not hear.”
Isaiah 42.18-20 Jesus answered, “Neither this man nor his parents sinned, but that the works of God should be revealed in him. 3 I must work the works of Him who sent Me while it is day; 4 the night is coming when no one can work. As long as I am in the world, I am the light of the world.” 5 When He had said these things, He spat on the ground and made clay with the saliva; and He anointed the eyes of the blind man with the clay. 6 And He said to him, “Go, wash in the pool of Siloam” (which is translated, Sent). So he went and washed, and came back seeing. 7 John 9.3-7 He answered them, “I told you already, and you did not listen. Why do you want to hear 27 it again? Do you also want to become His disciples?” Then they reviled him and said, “You are His disciple, but we are Moses’ disciples. 28 We know that God spoke to Moses; 29 as for this fellow, we do not know where He is from.” The man answered and said to them, “Why, this is a marvellous thing, that you do not know where He is from; yet He has opened my eyes! 30 Now we know that God does not hear sinners; but if anyone is a worshiper of God and does His will, He hears him. 31 Since the world began it has been unheard of that anyone opened the eyes of one who was born blind. 32 If this Man were not from God, He could do nothing.” 33 They answered and said to him, “You were completely born in sins, and are you teaching us?” And they cast him out. 34 John 9.27-34 Jesus heard that they had cast him out; and when He had found him, He said to him, “Do you believe in the Son of God?” 35 He answered and said, “Who is He, Lord, that I may believe in Him?” 36 And Jesus said to him, “You have both seen Him and it is He who is talking with you.” 37 Then he said, “Lord, I believe!” And he worshiped Him. 38 And Jesus said, “For judgment I have come into this world, that those who do not see may see, and that those who see may be made blind.” 39 Then 40 some of the Pharisees who were with Him heard these words, and said to Him, “Are we blind also?” John 9.35-40
Latest writings from the Archbishop of Canterbury
Archbishops warn of ‘concerte d effort’ to drive Christians from Holy Land 19/12/2021 Writing in the Sunday Times, the Archbishop of Canterbury and the Anglican Archbishop warn of concerted attempt by radical groups to drive Christians from the Holy Land. 5 min read ‘How to build a new Beveridge’: Archbishop Justin writes for P rospect Magazine 05/05/2021 Read Archbishop Justin’s article for Prospect Magazine, in which he talks about rebuilding a society built on the values of cohesion, courage and stability. 11 min read Archbishop Justin and Lord Browne write in The Times about tackling climate change 01/05/2021 Archbishop Justin Welby and Lord Browne have written in The Times about the need to work together to tackle climate change. 5 min read ‘God’s vision for a post-p andemic world’: Archbishop Justin writes for Premier Christianity magazine 30/04/2021 Archbishop Justin Welby sets out a vision for post-pandemic Britain in Premier Christianity magazine. 11 min read Comment: We must fix our broken promise on overseas aid 06/04/2021 Archbishop Justin Welby and Cardinal Vincent Nichols urge the Government to put right its broken promise on overseas aid. 3 min read Archbishops: The Church in changing times 11/02/2021 The Archbishops of Canterbury and York wrote in The Spectator about the Church of England. Read their article in full. 5 min read Archbishop urges a ‘new era of community spirit’ in The Sun 24/12/2020 Read Archbishop Justin Welby’s article for The Sun, in which he reminds us of the importance of community. 4 min read Then 40 some of the Pharisees who were with Him heard these words, and said to Him, “Are we blind also?” Jesus said to them, “If you were blind, you would have no sin; but now you say, ‘We see.’ Therefore your sin remains. 41 John 9.40-41 You have bought Me no sweet cane with money, 24
Nor have you satisfied Me with the fat of your sacrifices;
But you have burdened Me with your sins,
You have wearied Me with your iniquities.
“I, 25 even I, am He who blots out your transgressions for My own sake;
And I will not remember your sins.
Put Me in remembrance; 26
Let us contend together;
case, that you may be acquitted. Your first father sinned, 27
And your mediators have transgressed against Me.
Behold, the Lord’s hand is not shortened, That it cannot save; Nor His ear heavy, That it cannot hear.
But your iniquities have separated you from your God; And your sins have hidden 2 His face from you, So that He will not hear. For your hands are defiled with blood, And your fingers with iniquity; Your lips have spoken lies, Your tongue has muttered perversity. 3 No one calls for justice, Nor does 4 any plead for truth. They trust in empty words and speak lies; They conceive evil and bring forth iniquity. They hatch vipers’ eggs and weave the spider’s web; He who eats of their eggs dies, And 5 from that which is crushed a viper breaks out. Isaiah 59.1-5 Their webs will not become garments, 6 Nor will they cover themselves with their works; Their works are works of iniquity, And the act of violence is in their hands. Their feet run to evil, 7 And they make haste to shed innocent blood; Their thoughts are thoughts of iniquity; Wasting and destruction are in their paths. The way of peace they have not known, 8 And there is no justice in their ways; They have made themselves crooked paths; Whoever takes that way shall not know peace. Isaiah 59.6-8 What then? Are we better 9 than they? Not at all. For we have previously charged both Jews and Greeks that they are all under sin. As it is written: 10
“There is none righteous, no, not one;
There is none who understands; There is none who seeks after God. 11 They have all turned aside; They have together become unprofitable; There is none who does good, no, not one.” 12 “Their throat 13 is an open tomb; With their tongues they have practiced deceit”; “The poison of asps is under their lips”; “Whose mouth 14 is full of cursing and bitterness.” “Their feet 15 are swift to shed blood; Destruction and misery 16 are in their ways; And the way of peace they have not known.” 17 “There is no fear of God before their eyes.” 18 Romans 3.9-18 Now we know that whatever the law says, it says to those who are under the law, that every mouth may be stopped, and all the world may become guilty before God. 19 Therefore by the deeds of the law no flesh will be justified in His sight, for by the law 20 is the knowledge of sin. But now the righteousness of God apart from the law is revealed, being witnessed by the Law and the Prophets, 21 even the righteousness of God, through faith in Jesus Christ, to all and on all who believe. For there is no difference; 22 for all have sinned and fall short of the glory of God, 23 being justified freely by His grace through the redemption that is in Christ Jesus, 24 whom God set forth 25 as a propitiation by His blood, through faith, to demonstrate His righteousness, because in His forbearance God had passed over the sins that were previously committed, to demonstrate at the present time His righteousness, that He might be just and the justifier of the one who has faith in Jesus. 26 Romans 3.19-26 The Lord executes righteousness And justice for all who are oppressed. 6 He made known His ways to Moses, His acts to the children of Israel. 7 The Lord 8 is merciful and gracious, Slow to anger, and abounding in mercy. He will not always strive 9 with us, Nor will He keep His anger forever. He has not dealt with us according to our sins, Nor punished us according to our iniquities. 10 For as the heavens are high above the earth, 11 So great is His mercy toward those who fear Him; As far as the east is from the west, 12 So far has He removed our transgressions from us. As a father pities 13 his children, So the Lord pities those who fear Him. For He knows our frame; He remembers that we 14 are dust. Psalm 103.6-14 “I, 25 even I, am He who blots out your transgressions for My own sake;
And I will not remember your sins.
Put Me in remembrance; 26
Let us contend together;
case, that you may be acquitted. Isaiah 43.25-26