If you’ve been with us for a while, you may know that I was looking at the Book of Exodus and the lessons which we learned from the event of the Jews coming out of Egypt. And, in Corinthians Paul tells us that these things which happened are examples to us who have come to faith in Jesus the Messiah.
As we look at the pattern of events which took place with the Exodus, we can see that there are many things which apply to us, which connect to the New Covenant and to Yeshua Jesus as the Messiah.
Last time I spoke on this I was looking at the Ten Commandments. I want to move on now to Exodus chapter 24. So, if you have your Bibles we’re going to read Exodus chapter 24.
Let’s just have a word of prayer as we come to the Word of God. Lord, we would like to you thank you for your Word; we thank you that it is truth and pray that you bless the reading and the preaching of your Word and guide us into all truth. We pray in the name of the Lord Jesus Christ Yeshua Jesus the Messiah, amen.
This chapter is actually pivotal in our understanding of the Hebrew scriptures of the Tanakh, the Old Testament. It shows how God sealed the covenant with Israel through the Torah (the Law) and how this was going to be the means by which He would communicate and relate to His people in the time between Moses and the Messiah.
When the Messiah Yeshua would come in, He would bring in the New Covenant but, up until this time, God would communicate through the Covenant with Moses.
We see that this is a covenant sealed with blood, a covenant which God makes which is of great significance in our understanding of the Hebrew scriptures and indeed, of the whole of the Bible.
There are a number of significant parallels between what happens here and what happens in the giving of the New Covenant, particularly in the day of Pentecost.
Interestingly, these two events (Old and New Covenants) took place at the same time in the Hebrew calendar, on the day of Pentecost, the feast which the Jewish people hold called Shavuot which is the equivalent of Pentecost.
Now I want to make a few points on this subject if I can get through them all.
First of all we see that, in this passage, Moses is the mediator. I mentioned this man, Asher Norman, who wrote the book ‘26 reasons why Jews don’t believe in Jesus‘. He said that, at this point, when the Jews come to Mount Sinai, the whole people of Israel is raised up to the level of prophecy because they hear the Word of God.
That’s not actually true. The scripture doesn’t tell you that. Scripture tells you that God separated Moses from the people of Israel to reveal the scriptures to Moses, and through Moses, then, to the people. It says that, in Exodus 20. After the giving of the Ten Commandments, in verse 18 of Exodus chapter 20 it says:
We see that God separated Moses from the people, He didn’t speak directly to the people. They were afraid to hear the voice of God because they’d seen all these thunderings and lightning and they thought that if they heard the voice of God speaking directly to them, they would die.
There is this idea in the Bible that if you see God, you’re going to die. So, they have this fear of this awesome presence of God and, as you read through this passage, through Genesis and Exodus you can see that this was a visitation of God which was unparalleled.
In fact, up to this point that God actually appeared to the elders of Israel that He appeared in this smoking fire which came upon mount Sinai you can imagine it’s pretty terrifying sight God was revealing himself and relating to the people in an awesome way and the people were afraid to come into the awesome presence of God at Sinai and so God said well-done Moses is going to come in on his own and I’m going to speak to Moses and through Moses I will give the Word to the people.
Moses having got the Word would then communicate it with the people and tell them what God has told him. So, Moses was acting here as the mediator and we see in the New Testament that Jesus comes as our unique mediator.
And Jesus, as the mediator, became man – God amongst us – and revealed God to us.
In John chapter 1 it says:
This is telling us why Jesus is unique. He is the only one who has come from God to declare the truth of God to us, to declare to us things which we can’t find out by our own wisdom and understanding.
That was what was happening here at Sinai, what happened in the person of Jesus coming.
We need a mediator, we need Him to mediate God’s grace and truth to us.
In Deuteronomy chapter 18, we’re told that there will be a prophet like unto Moses, Him you shall hear. And the prophet like unto Moses is fulfilled in Jesus the Messiah who comes as the one who’s going to speak God’s Word. He’s not just a prophet but He is a prophet. The prophet is the one who brings God’s Word to to human beings, so, He mediates God’s Word to us.
Jesus uniquely came as the prophet like unto Moses to bring the Word of God to us. The Book of Hebrews chapter 3 verse 3 says that Moses was a servant in the house so he has great honour but Jesus is the maker of the house, He’s the builder of the house so he has greater honour.
Jesus is actually the creator of the whole universe, He was there at the beginning of creation and so He has the ability to come to us from God to reveal the truth of God to us.
And the first lesson which we see from this passage in Exodus 24 which ties in with the New Testament is that God requires a mediator between Himself and sinful humanity. In this case, it was Moses; in our case it is Jesus who comes to bring in the New Testament.